Rwanda which is formally called the Republic of Rwanda, in Kinyarwanda the local language is known as Repubulika y’u Rwanda and in French the official language is called République du Rwanda, is a sovereign state found in central and East Africa. Rwanda is a land-locked located in a few degrees south of the Equator and is bordered by Uganda in the north, Burundi in the south, Tanzania in the east and in the west by Democratic Republic of the Congo. Rwanda is at a high altitude and that is the reason why it is commonly known as the ‘land of thousand hills’, it’s geography is dominated in the west by mountains, savanna in the east, and various lakes all through the country. Rwanda’s climate is temperate to subtropical, with two rainy seasons and two dry seasons each year.
Rwanda’s population is young and the country is one of the most densely populated countries in Africa. Rwanda as a country forms three tribes that is; Tutsi and Twa. The Twa are found in the forests of Vocations national Park. Pygmy people who descend from Rwanda’s earliest occupants, yet scholars disagree on the origin of and distinctions between the Hutu and Tutsi; some scholar accept that they are derived from previous social castes, while others see them as being races or tribes. The country’s largest populations are Christians by religion, and the local language is Kinyarwanda, which is spoken by most Rwandans.
Hunter gatherers settled the region in the stone and iron ages, accompanied later by Bantu pilgrims. The populace blended, first into clans and afterward into kingdoms. The Kingdom of Rwanda dominated from the mid-eighteenth century, with the Tutsi rulers prevailing over others militarily, centralizing power, and later instituting against Hutu policies. Germany colonized Rwanda in 1884, fallowed by Belgium, which attacked in 1916 throughout the First World War. Both European countries managed through the kings and perpetuated pro-Tutsi policy. The Hutu populace revolted in 1959, slaughtering an expansive number of Tutsi and eventually establishing an autonomous Hutu-overwhelmed state in 1962. The Tutsi-headed Rwandan Patriotic Front started a civil war in 1990, which was emulated by the 1994 genocide, in which Hutu extremists executed an estimated 500,000 to 1 million Tutsi and moderate Hutu. The RPF finished the genocide with a military victory.
Rwanda’s economy endured vigorously throughout the 1994 Rwandan Genocide, but has since reinforced. The economy is built mostly on subsistence agriculture. Coffee and tea are the major cash crops for export. Tourism is a quickly developing sector and is presently the nation’s heading foreign exchange earner; Rwanda is one of the two nations in which mountain gorillas can be securely visited, and guests are ready to pay high costs for gorilla tours. Music and dance are a necessary part of Rwandan culture, especially drums and the greatly choreographed intore dance. Traditional arts and crafts are also produced in the country, incorporating imigongo, a remarkable cow dung art.
Gorilla Expedition Ltd is one of the leading tour operator companies in East Africa which offers Rwanda tours to all Rwanda national parks Like the Volcanoes National Park famous for gorilla trekking safaris, Nyengwe Forest national Park for Chimpanzee Tracking safaris and Akagera National Park for wildlife tours.